Antarctica, including all territorial claims by sovereign states, is regulated by the Antarctic Treaty System, which defines it as all land and ice shelves south of 60°S. Several dependent territories include sub-Antarctic islands north of 60°S.
|Bouvet Island||overseas territory of Norway|
|French Southern Territories||overseas territory of France|
|Heard Island and McDonald Islands||overseas territory of Australia|
|South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands||overseas territory of the United Kingdom|